An Egyptian archaeological mission found an ancient tomb dating to the Ptolemaic period B. C , as they were inspecting the land before giving authorization for its owner to dig the foundations of a building. A team of Egyptian archeologists recently uncovered a black granite sarcophagus in Alexandria, and no one knows what is inside. The team found it more than 16 feet below ground, inside a tomb they said likely dates back to the Ptolemaic period, which lasted from around to 30 B. In addition to the sarcophagus, the archeologists found an alabaster bust of a man that likely depicts the owner of the tomb. The sarcophagus itself is 6 feet tall, 8.
The original library held the largest collection of manuscripts in the world and was a great center of learning for years until it burned down in the 3rd century. The Library of Alexandria is of religious significance because of its original role as a temple, its historical association with such Christian theologians as Origen of Alexandria, and its collection of many religious manuscripts including rare copies of the Qur’an.
This article covers both the ancient and modern Alexandrian libraries together, as they share a common heritage and objectives. It was a temple to the muses Mouseion in Greek; Museum in Latin and functioned as an academy, research center, and library.
Egypt: Egypt, country located in the northeastern corner of Africa. Egypt’s heartland, the Nile River valley and delta, was the home of one of the principal civilizations of the ancient Middle East and was the site of one of the world’s earliest urban and literate societies. Learn more about Egypt in this article.
Genesis and Exodus[ edit ] Aramaic. Brooklyn Museum The Book of Genesis and Book of Exodus describe a period of Hebrew servitude in ancient Egypt, during decades of sojourn in Egypt, the escape of well over a million Israelites from the Delta , and the three-month journey through the wilderness to Sinai. A reasonably Bible-friendly interpretation is that they were a federation of Habiru tribes of the hill-country around the Jordan River.
Presumably, this federation consolidated into the kingdom of Israel, and Judah split from that, during the dark age that followed the Bronze. The term referred simply to Levantine nomads, of any religion or ethnicity. Mesopotamian, Hittite, Canaanite, and Egyptian sources describe them largely as bandits , mercenaries , and slaves. Certainly, there were some Habiru slaves in ancient Egypt, but native Egyptian kingdoms were not heavily slave-based.
Their religious system shows strong traces of Babylonian polytheism , something which suggests to certain scholars that the community was of mixed Judaeo- Samaritan origins,  and they maintained their own temple, functioning alongside that of the local deity Chnum.
The typical city had a wall around it with two entrances. There was a major road down the center of the town with smaller, narrow streets connecting to it. The houses and buildings were made of mud-brick. If a building was destroyed in a flood, generally a new building was just built on top of it.
Update, July 20, Archaeologists appointed by Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities have opened the sealed black granite sarcophagus that has had the internet abuzz since news of its discovery was.
Pinterest People on phones with social media icon chalkboard Online dating is quite popular everywhere, except for Egypt. Even though dating became an essential, online dating in Egypt seems to be a no no. We went around asking some of the few people who actually do admit using online dating apps, and checked some of the apps ourselves to see what really happens. Who are the ones who use these apps? Tinder is now one of the most popular dating applications worldwide. I decided to download it and see who are the ones in it?
Or just normal people? Surprisingly, the majority of the guys I found on the app are people I know in real life. Some of them were actually friends of mine too. Is it only for hook ups?
Literary Monuments of Ancient Egypt; V. Distances by water are somewhat greater owing to the winding course of the river. As far as Edfu Appollinopolis Magna the valley is rather narrow, rarely as much as two or three miles wide. Indeed, “in Lower Nubia the cultivable land area is seldom more than a few hundred yards in width and at not a few points, especially on the west bank, the desert advances clear up to the river bank” Baedeker, Egypt, , p. The general aspect of the Nubian desert is that of a comparatively low table-land, stony in the north, studded with sandy hills in the south.
Currency: Entering or exiting Egypt with more than $10, is prohibited. Attempting to enter or depart Egypt with any instruments of currency in the sum of more than $10, could result in the confiscation of the money over $10, and other penalties.
Traces of early man were found in Egypt dating back as early as , years ago. Egypt and ancient Canaan to the north probably served as the bridges by which successive waves of humans: Ancient Egyptians used a phonetic-pictograph writing called hieroglyphics by the Ancient Greeks. This system evolved from portrayal of pictures of objects to using stylized representation of objects to represent sound combinations and compose words, to a phonetic alphabet much like our own.
Ancient Egypt boasted considerable achievements in art, medicine, astronomy and literature, and was the hub of civilization in much of the Near East and North Africa. The unique history of ancient Egypt and visible monuments to that history helped Egyptians to preserve a distinct national consciousness, and to remain a separate entity during the years of Arab, Mameluke and Ottoman conquest. Mummy Until the conversion to Christianity, Egyptian polytheistic religion centered around the after life.
Pharaohs and rich Egyptians built elaborate tombs in caves or in Pyramids, decorated with elaborate art on the interior and containing jewelry and objects that would be needed in the after-life, and in some cases servants and slaves who were interred with their master. The walls of pyramids were decorated with elaborate stylized frescos such as the one at right, in which noble persons were shown as larger than slaves, and subjects were drawn in profile.
In other periods, all subjects were shown in frontal view only. The king or noble person had his or her body embalmed, wrapped in linen, and enclosed in an elaborate carved coffin as a mummy. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus wrote that Egypt is the gift of the Nile, meaning that it flourished on the top soil that was formed from silt brought by the recurrent floods of the Nile.
Indeed, Egypt is the gift of the Nile, and it was founded and developed around that river, for there is no rain in Egypt. The Ancient Egyptians developed an elaborate irrigation system to distribute the waters of the Nile, and convert their arid land into the breadbasket of the Near East.
Idealized representation of the Bay of Alexandria. Founded by Greek general Alexander the Great in BC, at its height it rivalled Rome in its wealth and size, and was the seat for the Ptolemaic dynasty. However, through history not all agreed on how to regard the Hellenistic city with a royal Egyptian past. An underwater temple discovered by marine divers off the eastern coast shed light on the pharaonic nature of ancient Alexandria. As previously reported in Ancient Origins , Ptolemaic Alexandria has been regarded, in academic circles, not as part of Egypt, but as a separate Greek polis, or city-state, by the borders of Egypt.
However, in , an important archaeological discovery was made in Alexandria which confirmed the pharaonic nature of Egyptian Alexandria.
An aid in the study of the Ptolemaic (Macedonian-based Greek), Roman Imperial (Greco-Roman), and Byzantine rulers of Egypt based in Alexandria, this site is intended for all classicists and students of Hellenistic history. The House of Ptolemy web site concentrates on the Ptolemies and their world, from – 30 BCE. However, since the histories of Greek rule and subsequent Roman rule overlap.
A multiple entry visa is also obtainable for 60 USD. There are other websites purporting to offer electronic visas, some of which reportedly charge double the official price, but this is the only official Government of Egypt portal for this service. Egyptian immigration officials occasionally have denied entry to travelers without explanation. Visas for gainful employment or study in Egypt must be obtained prior to travel.
The day visa requires the submission of a travel agency support letter which may be obtained from travel agents at the border; their fees for providing this service vary. The Government of Egypt opens this border on an infrequent and unpredictable basis. Embassy does not issue travel letters or provide any assistance in crossing to and from Gaza. Diplomatic and Official Passports: Diplomatic and Official passport holders, when entering Egypt for official business, are required to have visas before arrival in Egypt.
Diplomatic or Official passport holders must not use these passports to enter Egypt for unofficial travel, and should use their personal passports, following all appropriate regulations. Travelers attempting to enter Egypt with diplomatic or official passports who do not have visas will be required to remain, at their own expense, in the airport transit area until their immediate departure from Egypt can be arranged.
Embassy in Cairo is unable to intervene in such situations. Military personnel arriving on commercial flights are not exempt from passport and visa requirements.
Historical sites and landmarks[ edit ] Egypt — Obelisk, Alexandria. Roman Amphitheater Roman Pompey’s Pillar Due to the constant presence of war in Alexandria in ancient times, very little of the ancient city has survived into the present day. Much of the royal and civic quarters sank beneath the harbour due to earthquake subsidence in AD , and the rest has been built over in modern times.
Kom El Shoqafa ” Pompey’s Pillar “, a Roman triumphal column , is one of the best-known ancient monuments still standing in Alexandria today. It is located on Alexandria’s ancient acropolis —a modest hill located adjacent to the city’s Arab cemetery —and was originally part of a temple colonnade. Its volume is cubic meters 4, cubic feet and weight approximately tons.
The word Copt is derived from the Greek word Aigyptos, which was, in turn, derived from “Hikaptah”, one of the names for Memphis, the first capital of Ancient Egypt. The modern use of the term “Coptic” describes Egyptian Christians, as well as the last stage of the ancient Egyptian language script. Also, it describes the distinctive art and architecture that developed as an early expression of.
It is located on both banks of the River Nile near the head of the river’s delta in northern Egypt and has been settled for more than years, serving as the capital of numerous Egyptian civilizations. Cairo is known locally as “Misr”, the Arabic name for Egypt, because of its centrality in Egyptian life. Greater Cairo is spread across three of Egypt’s administrative governorates.
The north eastern part is known as Kaliobia Governorate, while the west bank is part of the governorate of Giza, and the eastern parts and south eastern parts are another governorate known as Cairo, the three parts are known together as greater Cairo. The city is marked by the traditions and influences of the East and the West, the ancient and the modern. However, the city also reflects Egypt’s growing poverty, and it struggles to cope with problems caused by massive population growth, urban sprawl, and a deteriorating infrastructure.
The city of Cairo covers an area of more than sq km more than sq m , though it is difficult to separate the city from some of its immediate suburbs. Bracketed by the desert to the east, south, and west and bounded by the fertile Nile delta to the north, Cairo sits astride the river, though it spreads farther on the east bank than the west. Cairo also includes several river islands, which play an important role in the life of the city. As the region’s principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre, Cairo contains many cultural institutions, business establishments, governmental offices, universities, and hotels, which together create a dense pattern of constant activity.
The centre of downtown Cairo is Tahrir Square, located on the east bank. A hub of tourist activity, the vast and open square contains numerous attractions, including the Egyptian Museum, the Arab League headquarters, and the modern Umar Makram Mosque. Extending from north to south along the east bank of the Nile is the Corniche, Cairo’s main thoroughfare.
The Ptolemaic court cultivated extravagant luxury in the Greek style in its magnificent and steadily expanding palace complex, which occupied as much as a third of the city by the early Roman period. Its grandeur was emphasized in the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus… Character of the city Alexandria has long occupied a special place in the popular imagination by virtue of its association with Alexander and Cleopatra.
Alexandria played an important role in preserving and transmitting Hellenic culture to the wider Mediterranean world and was a crucible of scholarship, piety, and ecclesiastical politics in early Christian history. Although it has been asserted that Alexandria declined as a result of its conquest by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century ce, such a statement is misleading.
Jul 20, · Since the announcement of its discovery earlier this month, the buried sarcophagus in Alexandria, Egypt, created a lot of speculation about who might be inside.
This dramatic event, counted as Seleucus’ first regal year, was continued as the Seleucid Era, the first continuous count of time in world chronology, soon to inspire the similar Arsacid Era of Parthia. There is also the residual uncertainty about Hellenistic dating. Bickerman, for instance, positively asserted that Seleucus reconquered Babylon “in August of ” [Chronology of the Ancient World, Cornell University Press, , , , p. Seleucus] was given a thousand men by Ptolemy and set out from Palestine to Babylonia” [Dividing the Spoils, Oxford, , p.
While we may have more confidence in up-to-date scholarship, sometimes older analyses are later vindicated. As recounted above , Seleucus had to fend off two major efforts against him to recover Babylon for Antigonus Monophthalmos.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Pharaonic Egypt thrived for some 3, years through a series of native dynasties that were interspersed with brief periods of foreign rule. After Alexander the Great conquered the region in bc, urban Egypt became an integral part of the Hellenistic world. Under the Greek Ptolemaic dynasty , an advanced literate society thrived in the city of Alexandria, but what is now Egypt was conquered by the Romans in 30 bc.
Pyramids dating from the 3rd millennium bc, Giza plateau near Cairo. Following the conquests, both urban and rural culture began to adopt elements of Arab culture, and an Arabic vernacular eventually replaced the Egyptian language as the common means of spoken discourse.
Egypt’s most tranquil town is Aswan, set upon the winding curves of the by orange-hued dunes this is the perfect place to stop and unwind for a few days and soak up the chilled-out atmosphere.
SmartNews Keeping you current Egyptian Authorities Open Sealed Ptolemaic-Era Sarcophagus Rampant speculation about what was inside the black granite tomb has swirled since the relic was first discovered at a building site in Alexandria Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities smithsonian. July 20, Update, July 20, Archaeologists appointed by Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities have opened the sealed black granite sarcophagus that has had the internet abuzz since news of its discovery was announced earlier this month.
The most exciting part? The ancient sarcophagus was found by local authorities during standard archaeological excavations conducted before the construction of a new building on Al-Karmili Street. It was found approximately 16 feet below ground. A rough alabaster bust of a man, likely a depiction of the body in the coffin, was also discovered in the tomb, which is believed to date from the era of the Ptolemies, the Greek royal family dynasty that ruled for roughly three centuries from to 30 B.
According to the Ministry of Antiquities , the tomb is about 8. Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, says it is the largest sarcophagus ever excavated in the city. This is just the latest discovery in Alexandria, an ancient city written off by archaeologists for decades. In , archaeologists uncovered the remains of the University of Alexandria , where ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes studied. In fact, changes in the flow of the Nile River and rising sea levels mean that large chunks of the ancient city are currently underwater, a submerged time capsule ready for exploration.
In the early s, researchers discovered the legendary city Thonis-Heracleion, the ancient port city at the mouth of the Nile destroyed by an earthquake just a few miles from Alexandria.
The Real Barbarians “The monks, who rushed with tumultuous fury from the desert, distinguished themselves by their zeal and diligence In almost every province of the Roman world, an army of fanatics, without authority and without discipline, invaded the peaceful inhabitants; and the ruin of the fairest structures of antiquity still displays the ravages of those barbarians who alone had time and inclination to execute such laborious destruction.
Jewel in the Crown The conquest of Egypt in 30 BC rewarded the caesars with a lavish prize — yet also considerable danger.
Alexandria: Alexandria, major city and urban muḥāfaẓah (governorate) in Egypt. Once among the greatest cities of the Mediterranean world and a centre of Hellenic scholarship and science, Alexandria was the capital of Egypt from its founding by Alexander .
Egypt Culture and Traditions The culture and custom of Egypt is truly cosmopolitan as it is the perfect fusion of so many culture and tradition available here. Here the tradition introduced by Pharaohs is prevalent as well as the tribal culture and tradition and even the customs of invaders are somehow seen present a midst modern Egypt culture and outlook of the citizens. The culture and tradition of Egypt is like a melting pot where multiple culture and ethnic tradition have created a new concept of living hale and hearty and a mentality that embraces new and advanced for creating a liberal ambiance around.
This liberal attitude is being displayed in Egyptians friendly behavior toward the foreigners and tourists. If asked, people of Egypt will always share their service and enthusiasm with the people whom hardly they know. In Egypt, besides it excellent travel attractions and cultural ambiance, the smiling faces of the locales are an added charm.
All these sweet fragments are the best part of visit to Egypt program, which will remain with you as a memory forever. The populace of Egypt is quite high in number, it is about 71 million. Out of them the majority of populace is of Sunni Islam and they are more or less 62 millions in number. Out of the rest millions are Coptic Christians. Regardless Sunni or cop both the classes are religion sensitive and adhere to respective religious rules and customs.